Jotirao Phule (1827-1890)
Jotirao was born in the gardener caste of Hindu society Done. As an early reformer of rebellious thinking That Are identified. Supporters of Dalits in Hindu society So they did valuable work. He lived until 1860 Performed mainly educational work during the period. Answer In life, however, he also wrote extensively. Chhatrapati in it Pavada of Shivaji Raje Bhosale, the skill of Brahmins, Slavery, peasant unrest, public truth, Etc. The texts are well known. Lokhitwadi, Govande, Justice. Ranade, etc. He was associated with contemporary reformers.
He mainly focuses on upper caste Hindus in his writings, He especially criticized the Brahmin community. Early Details of their academic work over time Let’s look briefly. Jotirao also started his English education in 1847 Done. Our Brahmin and Muslim students He had frequent discussions with friends about the situation in the country. Social equality, religious practices, human rights Coming into the discussion. Thomas Payne’s ‘Rights of Man’ The thoughts in the book had a profound effect on him. Also Hindus due to the preaching of Christian preachers Faith in religion was blown away.
British in his memory Many uprisings against the British overthrew the British Empire Thoughts of throwing were running through their minds. But further He realized that India’s overall reform English monarchy is needed to happen. From the very beginning his focus was on Shudras and women There were questions. Occurs on women from all walks of life He was aware of the injustice. That’s why they are for women Decided to remove the school. Woman is the future There is luck. The rites performed on the children are in her hands Are. So in 1848 he sent girls to Pune Started a school.
He writes, as soon as I come to Pune Started a school for junior class girls. Only Children who would love to be educated in that school Admitted them too. In this school I read, arithmetic And taught the basics of grammar. Mahar- Due to this school for the girls of Manga, Pune Sanatani Mandali got irritated. Jotirao endured opposition Had to do. There were no teachers in the school. He taught his wife Savitribai at home Were. Jotirao sent him to his daughters’ school Asked to teach. Due to this, there was a lot of commotion in Pune. Sanatan put pressure on Jotirao’s father.
Therefore, his father Govindrao said, ‘Leave school Or leave the house, ‘he told Jotirao. Jotirao left the house. So to Jotirao I had to take a job in the pottery industry And the school closed a few months later. Next With the help of Sadashivrao Govand, he rebuilt the school started. Some friendly and English officials also to him Got help. Jotirao visited Budhwar Peth in Pune, Three girls’ schools at Rasta Peth and Vetal Peth Removed during the period 1851-52. Wednesday in Pethe Savitribai started working in the school. In these schools The work was done by the then education department officials Muktakantha praised. Public felicitation of Jotirao Was done.
The first school for girls in Maharashtra and The first school for the untouchables was established by Mahatma Phul Kelly. The question of drinking water for untouchable children He opened the tank in his own house to solve it. He was an active reformer. Around this time, the case of Dakshina Fund was heard in Pune Were. Lokhitvadis and some other Brahmin leaders Dakshina Granth given to Brahmins (by the government) An application was made to reward the writers. The villagers (boycott) stood against it. Or reformer The lives of the Brahmins were in danger, so much so The case came to a head. At this time Jotirao his Protection of these Brahmins with the help of two hundred young men from Talmi Given. Things that can improve society Jotirao wants to get his help for that Warmth is seen in this case. The same type of widowhood Appears to support the movement.
The problem of widows This was often the problem of upper caste Hindus and Brahmins. Shudra women had nothing to do with it. Even so, Jotirao In the rehabilitation work of orphaned widows in the future Noticed.