Issues Of Rural Life Before Indias Independence

 Although the issues of rural life became more acute in the post-independence period, some of these issues have not arisen today. It also has a hundred year tradition. The British merchant colonies came to the state and the problems in India – especially in rural India – began. 

Issues Of Rural Life Before Indias Independence

The British came to this place, it is not for the salvation of this country. They wanted to trade here. Wanted to exploit; And the state wanted to do the same. This is how it happened. One by one the Sansthans became Khalsa, Namdhari and gradually the army of Sansthans was reduced. The trend towards agriculture was increasing. The British bought, sold and resold agricultural produce cheaply. In a way double exploitation began. The advent of machine age in Europe has hit underdeveloped countries like India hard. India also sat. 

An important consequence of the English monarchy was the gradual threat to rural self-employment. Manchester clothes began to arrive and weavers in India became stable. Following the weavers, as soon as machines like Rangari, Teli, Chamber etc. started to be made, these self-employed people in the village started suffering. 

All these businesses stand in the field of agriculture. So naturally the struggle started from the traditional lifestyle. Just as the machine age plagued these self-employed in rural life, so did agriculture; And the majority of the rural society was living either on the farm or on the shelter of agriculture. But in all this life questions arose. 

Tensions arose. The first outbreak of all these tensions and questions was m. Originated from the writings of Phule. M. Phule’s tradition where Jivalkar, Dr. It seems to have reached Ambedkar. This question seems to have intensified in the post-independence period. In the post-independence period, civil and industrial culture became more and more important and had the same effect. This effect was to be felt in the village itself. 

The self-reliance of the village was destroyed and the city had to rely on its will. Secondly, even if we adopt a composite economy, it is basically a capitalist economy prevalent in our country. The effects of this capitalist economy are being felt in India today. But it has had a greater impact in rural areas. 

That is, colonialism, industrial culture, the dominance of urban areas, and the capitalist economy have all created problems in today’s rural areas. Today’s education also contributes to this. Education went to the masses and the question of well-educated unemployed arose in the villages. What could be worse than people’s growing faith in education? 

Some new laws came in the post-independence period. There were laws like Land Ceiling Act, Tribal Act. The purpose of this law was to provide employment and prosperity to the villagers. But considering the overall situation of the country, money was being lost from agriculture. Today, people are beginning to see the benefits of selling their farms. That is, agriculture, which has been the lifeblood of this country for centuries, is at a loss today. The farmer went into debt. 

Only their survival became impossible and in the post-independence period this whole situation seems to be happening all over India. In fact, it remains to be seen whether agriculture is the root cause of the agitation taking place in different parts of India under different names. Speaking of Maharashtra, in the post-independence period, there have been small and big agitations on the issue of farmers. 

This is an important event in the history of Maharashtra. The party staged numerous rallies. Even our own government has a history of relentlessly firing on these statues. Today, Shri Sharad Joshi’s farmers’ organization is agitating on various issues in rural areas. Sometimes it is a question of onion growers and sometimes it is a question of sorghum growers. 

In fact, the issues related to agriculture are endless. Just as the agricultural economy is threatened, so is the inevitable impact of Indian democracy on the village. Crazy movements are taking shape from it. But the conclusion of all this is that the rural areas have become hot enough and as a result various movements have started in life.